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Origin and evolution of social behavior: case study on genus Ceratina (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Small carpenter bees of genus Ceratina are very suitable models for research of the origin and evolution of eusociality. Most of Ceratina species are solitary (Michener, 2007) and some are socially polymorphic (Sakagami & Maeta, 1989; Rehan et al., 2009). Socially polymorphic species belong to diffe ...